Step-by-Step Process: Move to Canada in 2024 via Express Entry Program


Express Entry system provides a smooth and efficient route for skilled workers seeking permanent residency in Canada. The express entry program is designed for rapid processing and typically completes applications within six months. Upon arrival in Canada, one has to fulfill residency obligations, typically involving two years of residence within five years span, in order to solidify your status as a permanent resident.

The Express Entry system remains a prime route for skilled workers aiming to immigrate to Canada. Based on the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), it prioritizes candidates for permanent residency (PR) based on their scores. Here’s how you can navigate this process in 2024:

Step 1: Assess Your Eligibility

Start by ensuring you meet the criteria for one of the Express Entry streams:

  • Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP): Needs a minimum of one year of continuous skilled work experience within the last decade, along with certain educational and language requirements.
  • Canadian Experience Class (CEC): For those with at least one year of skilled work experience in Canada within the last three years.
  • Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP): Targets individuals qualified in specific trades with language proficiency requirements. Explore the complete eligibility on the Canadian government website.

Step 2: Calculate Your CRS Score

Your CRS score is pivotal and is calculated based on factors like work experience, language skills, and education. Estimate your score using the official CRS tool to gauge your chances of receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA).

Step 3: Collate Necessary Documentation

Prepare essential documents such as educational certificates, work experience proof, language test results, and a valid passport. For Express Entry in Canada, language test score requirements vary by program.


In English, both the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) and Canadian Experience Class (CEC) require a minimum Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) of 7 in all skills, while the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) needs a CLB of 5 for speaking and listening, and 4 for reading and writing.

In French, FSWP and CEC demand a Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadien (NCLC) of 7 across all skills, and FSTP requires a minimum NCLC of 5 for speaking and listening, and 4 for reading and writing.


Step 4: Set Up Your Express Entry Profile

Create your profile on the Express Entry portal, inputting your personal, educational, and professional details. A processing fee is also applicable at this stage.

Step 5: Await the ITA

The IRCC conducts regular draws from the Express Entry pool, selecting candidates with the highest CRS scores for PR invitations. Keep an eye on draw schedules and your ranking via the online system.

Step 6: Submit Your PR Application

On receiving an ITA, you have 60 days to submit a comprehensive PR application. This includes further documentation, medical examinations, police clearances, and associated fees.


Step 7: Application Assessment and Decision

The IRCC evaluates your application, typically within a 6-month timeframe. A positive decision grants you a PR visa, opening the doors to your Canadian journey.

Additional Strategies:

  • Enhance your CRS score by gaining additional work experience, improving language skills, or acquiring Canadian educational qualifications.
  • Explore Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) for alternative or quicker pathways.
  • Consider consulting an immigration expert for tailored advice and insights.

How much would it cost in the overall process of Express Entry?

Regarding application expenses, anticipate costs ranging between $2,000 to CAD $4,000. This estimate encompasses various fees associated with creating your profile, submitting the permanent residency application, undertaking necessary language examinations, medical tests, and additional related expenses.


Dr. Philip Morgan

(Associate Editor) Dr. Philip Morgan is a postdoctoral fellow and lead author at He earned his Master's and Ph.D. from Stanford before pursuing research in the U.S. on a Hubert H. Humphrey Fellowship. Leveraging his diverse academic background, Dr. Morgan creates informative articles on scholarships, internships, and fellowships for international students. His expertise and passion empower students to achieve their academic goals through international education opportunities.

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