How Long Does it Take To Become Eligible for Canadian Citizenship?

You Can Apply for Canadian Citizenship After How Long? Lets Find Out

Canada is a top destination for individuals seeking a new home abroad. Its allure lies in a combination of factors: a robust economy offering high-paying jobs, a high standard of living, top-tier education, a strong passport granting ease of global travel, relatively low taxes, and a reputation for safety and security. However, acquiring Canadian citizenship is a significant undertaking, requiring a thorough understanding of the various pathways and their respective timelines.

Pathways to Canadian Naturalization (2024)

  1. Through Permanent Residency: This is the most common route through which the holders of Canadian permanent residency can apply for citizenship after meeting specific residency requirements.
  2. Spousal Sponsorship: If married to a Canadian citizen, one can initially gain permanent residency and then proceed towards citizenship.
  3. Business Immigration: For entrepreneurs and investors, this pathway offers a route to permanent residency and eventually citizenship.
  4. Canadian Experience Class: Tailored for those with Canadian work experience, this program can lead to permanent residency and citizenship.
  5. Family Sponsorship: Family members of Canadian citizens or permanent residents can be sponsored for permanent residency, a stepping stone to citizenship.

Timeframes for Each Pathway towards Canadian Citizenship

  1. Permanent Residency: On average, it takes about 3 years of physical presence in Canada within a 5-year period as a permanent resident before one can apply for citizenship.
  2. Spousal Sponsorship: The timeline is similar to permanent residency; the spouse must live in Canada for 3 years out of 5 as a permanent resident.
  3. Business Immigration: The time to citizenship can vary significantly, depending on the processing time for business immigration applications and subsequent residency requirements.
  4. Canadian Experience Class: Typically, it takes around 3 to 4 years from entering Canada to meeting citizenship requirements, including permanent residency tenure.
  5. Family Sponsorship: Similar to other routes, it requires the sponsored individual to live in Canada for at least 3 years as a permanent resident within a 5-year period.

After How Long You Can Become Eligible for Canadian Citizenship Via Job Route?

Acquiring Canadian citizenship through the job route typically involves initially obtaining permanent residency (PR) through work-related immigration programs like the Express entry/PNP. Federal Skilled Worker Program or the Canadian Experience Class.

    • Temporary Work in Canada: Many individuals first arrive in Canada on temporary work permits, which do not directly count towards citizenship but can lead to permanent residency.
    • Gaining Permanent Residency: Depending on the specific immigration program and individual circumstances, the processing time for obtaining PR can vary. The Express Entry system, which includes the Canadian Experience Class, often processes applications within 6 months, but this can vary.
    • Meeting Residency Requirements: Once you have obtained permanent resident status, you must physically live in Canada for at least 1,095 days (3 years) out of the 5 years before you apply for citizenship. This clock starts only after gaining PR status. Therefore, time spent in Canada on a work permit before becoming a permanent resident doesn’t count towards this residency requirement.
    • Application Processing Time: After submitting your citizenship application, the processing time can take several months. This period is in addition to the 3-year residency requirement.

In summary, the total time from starting to work in Canada temporarily to becoming eligible to apply for citizenship can often take about 5 to 6 years, or sometimes longer. This includes the time to transition from a temporary work permit to permanent residency and then meet the residency requirements as a permanent resident.

Eligibility Criteria for Canadian Citizenship

So in general following is the basic criteria required to apply for a citizenship of Canada from 2024 onwards:

    • Permanent Resident Status: Must have legal permanent resident status in Canada.
    • Residency Requirements: A minimum physical presence of 1,095 days in Canada within the 5 years before applying.
    • Tax Compliance: Must have filed taxes for at least 3 years within the 5-year period, if required under the Income Tax Act.
    • Language Skills: Adequate knowledge of English or French (applicable to applicants aged 18-54).
    • Passing the Citizenship Test: Required for applicants aged 18-54, covering Canadian laws, history, and values.
    • Prohibitions: Applicants must not have any criminal prohibitions which might make them ineligible.

These are high-level guidelines, and it’s crucial to consult with immigration experts or refer to official Canadian government resources like for detailed and personalized information. Remember, each pathway has its unique requirements and processes, and staying informed is key to a successful application

Zahira Bano

(Associate Editor) Zahira holds a PhD in Cosmetics Surgery and Pharma. She worked with Mashables and some other beauty and wellness blogs. She is also a well-known personality and educationist and has a large number of social following. She also writes on the female empowerment motivational topics in her leisure time. She is also a scholarship winner and mentor for students looking for studying abroad opportunities.

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