Poland’s evolving labor market is currently facing significant shortages, creating a unique landscape for job seekers, especially those from abroad. With a blend of rising demand in several sectors and an array of visa options, Poland is an attractive destination for individuals looking to explore new opportunities.
This article provides deeper insights into the background of the Polish labor market shortages, salary expectations, sectors in need, types of labor work visas, and a guide to finding jobs and navigating the visa application process in Poland in 2024.
Situation of Labor Shortages in Poland in 2024
Poland is grappling with labor shortages across multiple sectors, a situation attributed to demographic shifts, emigration trends, and a mismatch between the skills of graduates and market demands. Sectors like construction, healthcare, IT, transportation, and logistics are particularly affected and this shortage is challenging for businesses but opens up opportunities for foreign workers.
Average Salary of Labor in Poland in 2024
Salaries in Poland vary by experience, industry, and location. As of February 2024, the minimum wage stands at PLN 4,242 per month, with the average wage reported at PLN 7,006 per month for the second quarter of 2023. These figures highlight the economic landscape potential employees are entering.
List of Sectors Facing Labor Shortages in Poland in 2024
In Poland, the labor market in 2024 as per various survey reports inclusive of Manpower Group survey shows a significant demand for various professionals, particularly in sectors such as engineering, construction, programming, agriculture, and transportation. Additionally, there’s a high need for skilled workers like welders, masons, electricians, and cooks, as well as for roles in healthcare and IT, such as doctors, lawyers, and IT specialists.
Types of Labor Work VISA for Poland
Poland offers various work visa types for foreign workers:
- Schengen visa (C-Type): Suitable for short-term stays, not for employment.
- Seasonal Work Visa: For up to 9 months of seasonal work within a year.
- National Visa (D-Type): The primary Polish work visa for long-term work, available in two forms: for a specific job and employer (valid for up to 3 years) and for other long-term stays with work authorization.
Where to Find Labor Shortage Jobs in Poland in 2024?
To find labor shortage jobs in Poland, explore Polish government websites like praca.gov.pl, the EURES portal for EU job vacancies, and major job boards such as Pracuj.pl, Jooble, and Indeed. Additionally, recruitment agencies like Randstad, Kelly Services, and Grafton Recruitment can provide targeted job opportunities. Networking and understanding basic Polish can also enhance your job search.
Step-by-Step Guide of Poland Labor Shortage Work Visa Application
Please follow the 7 given steps to apply for your Poland work visa in 2024:
- Confirm Eligibility: Check visa requirements based on citizenship.
- Research and Apply for Jobs: Target sectors with labor shortages using government websites, job boards, and recruitment agencies.
- Secure a Job Offer: Ensure it includes visa sponsorship.
- Work Permit Application (Employer): Your employer must apply for a work permit on your behalf, demonstrating no suitable EU candidate was found.
- Visa Application (You): Depending on your job, apply for the appropriate visa, and submit necessary documents to the Polish consulate or embassy.
- Attend the Visa Interview: Prepare to discuss your job, travel plans, and financial stability.
- Wait for Processing: Both work permit and visa applications can take up to 90 days.
Poland’s labor market presents fertile ground for foreign workers, especially in sectors experiencing shortages. By understanding the salary landscape, identifying in-demand sectors, choosing the right visa, and following the application process, job seekers can navigate their way toward successful employment in Poland. With government initiatives aimed at attracting foreign talent and addressing the labor gap, now is an opportune time to explore the possibilities that Poland offers